Finding “Hidden” Records on FamilySearch


If you are reading this, you are most likely familiar with searching for records on FamilySearch.  What you may not be familiar with are three types of “hidden” records you can utilize on FamilySearch – images that aren’t indexed but are part of a partially indexed collection; browse collections; and digitized microfilm collections in the catalog.

Hidden Record Type 1:

Images that aren’t indexed but are part of a partially indexed collection.  I will use some Québec records as my example.  Let’s start with the Québec search page on FamilySearch:

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You will notice at the top of the page it reads, “Québec Indexed Historical Records”.  It is important to note that not everything in this list is completely indexed.  As I scroll down the page I can see a list of Québec records, which also includes larger collections that have Québec records in them.

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Only a few collections are showing until I click “Show all 21 Collections”.

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As I scroll down the list, I am looking for any collection that has a camera beside it.  That means there are images in the collection.  Close to the bottom is a collection entitled, “Quebec, Catholic Parish Registers, 1621-1979”.  It has a camera icon which means there are images in the collection and it lists that there are 79,535 indexed records in the collection.  The question I have is, are there more records in the collection that aren’t indexed?  I simply click on the collection to go to the search page.

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Once I am on the search page I scroll to the bottom.  The collection has a browse option at the bottom that reads, “Browse through 1,399,175 images”.  This means that in this collection of 1,399,175 images, there are a little over 1.3 million records that are not indexed.  If I click that “Browse through 1,399,175 images” button, I can search the records like digital microfilm.

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I get this list of parishes to help me navigate the images.  I noticed one today that I have never seen before:

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How’s that for a parish name?  😉

Here is a parish that I regularly search:

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I click on the parish name again and get this:

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Then I can click on one of the date ranges and get this:

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It is basically a digital microfilm.  This particular collection is tricky to navigate because it contains such a large span of years and the years are written out like this “one thousand seven hundred forty seven”, except they are written in French.  Despite it being a bit trickier to navigate, it is totally worth it.  I get faster every time, it just takes a little practice.

Any collection that contains images has the potential to contain more images than indexed records.  If everything is indexed in a collection, you will not see the browse option at the bottom of the search page.  MANY indexed collections contain images that are not indexed.

Hidden Record Type 2:

Browse collections.  These collections are also accessed from a main search page.

We will go back to the Québec search page and scroll to the bottom.

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These collections are labeled as “Québec Image Only Historical Records”.  Most locales have several of these browse collections.  None of the records are indexed yet.  I clicked on “Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1920”.

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You will notice that I have no search box, just the “Browse through 4,956,093” images link.  When I click that I am taken to this page:

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From here I can select a location, I chose Iberville:

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Then I choose a range of documents:

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Then I am once again looking at a digital microfilm.  This particular collection would be hard to use unless I have a time frame and location in mind for the record I am seeking.  That information would come from other good research.

Hidden Record Type 3:

Digitized microfilm collections in the catalog.  This particular type of record is brand new to me.  In fact, I have no idea when FamilySearch started doing this.  They snuck it in recently.  I discovered this record type while I was using microfilm at the FHL in SLC.  I had a list of Estate Files I was looking for.  I had found 6 and went looking for the 7th file when something wasn’t quite right.  That led me to look at the catalog entry for the microfilm to double check the information I would expect to find.  I thought maybe I had written the microfilm number down incorrectly.  This is the page I went to:

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I scrolled down to find my microfilm number in the collection of 419 microfilm to see this list:

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Ummmmmm… see those little camera icons on the right?!  This entire collection was digitized AFTER I had made my list of microfilm to search just shortly before going to the library.  When I click the camera I get a digital microfilm that looks like this:

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What on earth?!  When did FamilySearch start doing this???  The craziest part is that the images aren’t on the South Africa search page, not in the same grouping you can find here.


Check the catalog, and check it again, and check it again.  I know that the rate of digitization far exceeds the rate of indexing but apparently FamilySearch can’t keep up with cataloging in an orderly fashion either?

One important last thought – FamilySearch often has images available that go away once the entire collection is indexed.  If you find an image that is important to your research, PLEASE, don’t assume the image will always be there.  Save a digital copy of that image.

And while we are on the subject of disappearing images, it is important to know that the contractual agreements that FamilySearch enters into with the owners of records can change at any time.  In fact, several collections that matter to me and my research are no longer available.  FamilySearch still holds the microfilm, but they are under lock and key because the contracts were renegotiated.


Have you been using these three types of “hidden” collections on FamilySearch?



Unraveling the John Boles Mystery – Part Two


Durban to The Drakensberg” by John Hone, 1988, photo of Durban, Natal, South Africa

John Boles is my 3rd great granduncle.  He is the younger brother of my 3rd great grandmother Catherine Boles.  John, his wife Christina, and his 7 living children who were all born in Scotland, just up and disappeared in 1890.

In 2014, a serendipitous connection with a kind stranger from Scotland, led me to an immigration record for all 7 Boles children traveling to Natal, South Africa without their parents.

Then there were the 3 marriage records for Elizabeth, Christina, & Helen Boles.  All 3 marriages took place in Natal, South Africa.  Helen’s 1906 marriage record stated that she had the permission of her parents to marry.

This was the first clue that indicated John & Christina Montgomery Boles might have also gone to South Africa.

I scoured FamilySearch and Ancestry looking for any record collection that might help me build on what I knew but I couldn’t find anything.  The collections were sparse and had very limited time frames.  I did some basic googling with no great results so I did what we all do at times, I set the John & Christina Boles family aside.

Fast forward to sometime last year, when I revisited this part of my tree.  I was committed to adding something to this story.  So I dove into some google searching to see what record collections exist for Natal, South Africa.  The National Archives for South Africa led me to a bunch of potentially helpful records.  The only problem was that they look like this:


I wasn’t entirely sure where I could go next based on this data.  So I went to my good friend, the FamilySearch wiki.  But.  I went to it through google.  The wiki itself has a terrible search algorithm so it’s best to use google as your entry point.  I found myself on a page entitled “South Africa Natal Death Notices“.


Close to the bottom of that screenshot you can see the section “Microfilmed records at the Family History Library”.  This link takes you to a catalog entry on for microfilms containing Estate Files for Pietermartizburg (Natal).  The collection includes 419 microfilm reels organized by year and file number.

This discovery got me pretty excited so I searched the National Archives of SA website as thoroughly as I could to identify as many potential estate files for John, Christina, their children, and the 3 sons-in-law that I knew of.  I had quite a list.  I compared it to the FS Catalog entry to identify microfilm numbers.  My list of microfilms was growing.

My big question was this – What exactly will I find in those Estate Files?


When I go to BYU for research, I can order two microfilms from the FHL in Salt Lake City for free, every two weeks.  No more.  I was trying to decide how much of my precious research time to dedicate to this family.  Which films should I order?

While pondering on this set of questions, I discovered that there is a 5 year window of estate records available on FamilySearch in a browse only collection for Transvaal.  I checked this against my list and discovered one candidate: William Wise, husband of Christina Boles.

Hooray!  This meant I could view an estate file from home to get a sense of what this record type, for this location might tell me.  This was just what I wanted.

Because finding this particular record took several steps, I will outline those steps in detail.

The first step was finding William’s file number on the National Archives of SA website.


I was looking for file number 3681 in the year 1959.

It was time to take that information over to FamilySearch.  I went to the main “Search” menu on FamilySearch and got myself to the South Africa landing page that looks like this.


Then I scrolled down to the bottom to find the browse collections.  These are collections that only have images with no index.  You search them like a digital microfilm.


Then I selected the Transvaal Estate Files.


From here, I clicked on “Browse through 191,580 images“.


Then I selected the appropriate year of 1959.


That led me to a screen filled with file number ranges.  My file number was further down the page so I scrolled down.


I am looking for file number 3681 which falls into the very last number range of 3660-3736.  I clicked that range.


Now I am essentially looking at digital microfilm.  You can see that first image has a large stamped code of “3660/59”.  I am looking for 3681 which is only 21 files later.  I left this page on the “thumbnail” view and scrolled down until I could see the first page of file 3681.


There is my file on the third row, far left.  I can now click on the thumbnail to view the first image of my file.  Then I click the little arrow in the black menu bar to arrow through the file.  What I discovered was a 5 page estate file.  Page one is the cover sheet.  Page two is the death notice.  Pages three and four are William and Christina’s will.  Page five is “Acceptance as Trust of Executor”.

Just to give you a little taste, here is the death notice for William.


From this record I learned so much new information!  I added a birthplace in Scotland of Trenent, age at death in years and months (which helped me narrow down a time frame for birth), address at time of death, date and place of death, and the names of William and Christina’s 3 children (including their daughter’s married last name).

Finding this file got me really excited to see John and Christina’s Estate Files.  I moved those microfilm right to the top of my BYU list.  On my next visit I ordered both microfilm and hoped for the best!

Was I finally going to learn when and why John Boles went to South Africa?


…to be continued…


Every Last One


My two year old likes to have quiet one-on-one time just before he sleeps.  He loves to be rocked in the big, comfy chair in his room while being sung to or read to.  Happily, he’s easy going about who snuggles with him; anyone in our family will do.

Recently I was the one snuggling him before a nap.  Instead of a book or a song he want to look at a “magzine”.  He has a collection of old National Geographic Kids magazines that he is loving right into tatters.

He hopped down, picked one up and walked over to me.  I reached for him to scoop him back up onto my lap but he resisted.  He handed me the magazine and said, “all of dem”.

He picked up every last magazine from his floor – housekeeping is not my forte 😉 – and handed them to me one at a time.  Once he had every last one safely in my hands, he climbed up in my lap.  We looked through one or two before I put him down for nap time.

As we flipped through the pages, I couldn’t help but think of genealogy.  His persistence in gathering every last magazine is exactly the same type of persistence I try to have in my research, gathering every last record, photo, article, story, and document that I can find.

When we had finished looking at our last magazine, I happened to look down to the left of the chair near the wall.  There were two magazines he had missed.  He couldn’t see them, didn’t know to look there.

Even though he thought he had gotten every magazine, he had in fact missed two.  One of them was the copy that featured ‘Toy Story 3’, one of his favorites.

Again, I thought of research.  Even with my best efforts, there are records I don’t know to look for.  Collections that exist that I have never heard of.  Documents that would make my research so much more rich and detailed.  Records that may turn out to contain my favorite details – my ‘Toy Story 3’ facts.

And so on that day, just before nap time, my delightful boy reminded me of two important truths.  When researching, gather every last record you can.  And, don’t just look for the records you know about, learn about the place and time, constantly seeking to learn about collections and record types so that you don’t overlook documents that could tell you more.  Documents that just may bring an ancestor to life.

Persistently gather every last one.  Leave nothing out.



Granite Mountain Records Vault

I really love online record collections and microfilm collections and pretty much any type of record that helps my research.  These videos give a quick tour of The Granite Mountain Records Vault, the heart of the FamilySearch record collection.  I am constantly amazed by the dedication of FamilySearch to preserve and share the genealogical records of the world for free.  It is a massive undertaking.  FamilySearch – I love you!


From the Beginning – Understanding the US Federal Census, 1930

gg, US Federal Census - 1930

If you missed my post about the 1940 US Federal Census you can read it here.

What is the 1930 US Census?

It’s an official count of the population of the United States as of 1 April 1930.  The census forms also asked demographic questions about individuals.  The census date is April 1st.  This means that census takers began knocking on doors on or around April 1st and that the questions asked were to be answered based on what was happening on April 1st.

Where can I access the 1930 US Census?

To access the 1930 Census for free, visit FamilySearch or click this link.

What information can I find on the 1930 US Census?

This census has some great questions that will help you get to know your family members a little bit better.  I am a big advocate of having a printed blank form in your hand while you are looking at census records.  It’s handy because you can check the column headings on the blank form as you read along the responses on your computer.  This saves you the headache of constantly scrolling up to read the heading and then back down to read the answer.  With that in mind, I’m about to give you a little present.  Ready?  Here it is:

Census Headings 1Census Headings 2

I wish I knew who made this chart so that I could give them credit.  It is a handout freely available at a FamilySearch Center near me.  It has the headings for the 1790-1880 and 1900-1930 census returns.  The two censuses that are not represented are 1890 and 1940.  You can also get a blank form for the 1930 census here.

The layout for the 1930 census is very similar to the layout for the 1940 census.  The notable differences are the lack of supplementary questions and the lack of the box to check if a family was continued on the next page in the 1930 census.  Otherwise the layout is nearly the same.  The questions however, are different.  Let’s take a look at the Maffit family to see what they were up to in 1930:


1930, maffit family 1

I used Photoshop magic to put the Maffit family and the easily readable heading together.  The far left has a column for street name that I cut off as the street name was not visible in the section for my family.  The street name is listed just above their family’s entry and reads 7th Avenue South.  Their house number is the first column listed, it reads 1120.  This means that the Maffit family address on 1 April 1930 was 1120 7th Avenue South.  The heading for their page tells me they live in Great Falls, Cascade, Montana.

The next two columns are important to understand.  The first is ‘Number of dwelling house in order of visitation’.  The second is ‘Number of family in order of visitation’.  Why is this important?  Well, sometimes different families lived in the same house.  If that is the case, the first family listed may have the following numbers for these two columns: 322, 345.  The next family would read: 322, 346.  The number in the first column, ‘Number of dwelling house’, would not change but the number in the second column, ‘Number of family’, would.  You may be thinking that the address column solves this problem and sometimes it does.  In rural areas a street and house number wouldn’t be written and these two columns would be your only clues that more than one family was living in the same house.  The Maffit family lives in their own home and no other families live with them.

Now let’s dig into Seth’s entries:

  • Name:  Maffit, Seth.  Remember the straight line before the other household member’s names indicates they have the same last name as the head of household.
  • Relationship:  Head, meaning he is the head of the household.
  • Home owned or rented:  R, meaning they rented their home.
  • Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented:  $30.
  • Radio Set:  This column was left blank which would indicate to me that they did not own a radio.  If they had a radio you would see an ‘R’ in that column.  Weird question right?  The Department of Commerce says this about that question, “According to the 1930 census, 12 million people had access to radios. A new question, “Does this household have a radio?,” was designed to measure the extent of the nation’s leap into new home-appliance technology.
  • Does this family live on a farm:  No.
  • Sex:  M, for male.
  • Color or race:  W, for white.
  • Age at last birthday:  53.
  • Marital condition:  M, for married.
  • Age at first marriage:  24.  It is important to note that this question varies on different census returns.  1930 – ‘Age at first marriage’; 1920 – only asks marital status, 1910 – ‘Number of years married’, 1900 – ‘Number of years married’.  1880 and before don’t ask questions regarding marriage date.  This question, ‘Age at first marriage’ can give you a tricky answer.  If one individual was married twice, the age they should give is from their first marriage.  If their spouse was not married previously, using their answers to calculate a marriage year will give you two different years.  Both answers are for a first marriage, not necessarily their age when they married each other.
  • Attended school or college anytime since Sept.1,1929:  No.
  • Whether able to read and write:  Yes.
  • Birthplace:  Illinois.
  • Birthplace of Father:  New York.
  • Birthplace of Mother:  Canada – Eng, as opposed to being born in Canada and being of French descent which would read Canada – Fr.

1930, maffit family 2

  • Language spoken in home before coming to United States:  Blank.
  • Three code columns.
  • Year of immigration to the United States:  Blank.
  • Naturalized or alien:  Blank.
  • Whether able to speak English:  Yes.
  • Occupation:  Laborer.
  • Industry:  Smelter.
  • Code column.
  • Class of worker:  W, for wage worker.
  • Whether actually at work:  Yes.
  • Line number for unemployed:  Blank.
  • Whether a veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces mobilized for any war or expedition:  No.
  • What war or expedition:  Blank.
  • Number of farm schedule:  Blank.


What are the best features of the 1930 Census?

Well, in my humble opinion, the best features are:

  • Street name and house number listed.
  • The home data questions are interesting and helpful.
  • Age at first marriage question can help you calculate an approximate marriage year.
  • Parent’s birthplaces are listed.
  • Citizenship questions can help you track down immigration/travel and naturalization records.
  • Veteran questions can help you identify family members who served in the military.


What tips make using the 1930 Census super great?

  • Print a blank census form.
  • Read every single column for each member of the household.
  • Check the whole page for extended family members who may be living nearby.
  • FAQ found at the National Archives has some helpful information.
  • If you can’t find someone, try searching by location instead of by name.


And that is the 1930 US Federal Census!




From the Beginning: Understanding the US Federal Census, 1940

gg, US Federal Census - 1940

What is the 1940 US Census?

It’s an official count of the population of the United States as of 1 April 1940.  The census forms also asked demographic questions about individuals.  The census date is April 1st.  This means that census takers began knocking on doors on or around April 1st and that the questions asked were to be answered based on what was happening on April 1st.

Where can I access the 1940 US Census?

To access the 1940 Census for free, visit FamilySearch or click this link.

What information can I find on the 1940 US Census?

This census has some great questions that will help you get to know your family members a little bit better.  You can view a blank form here.  Having a printed blank form can be handy as you are working with census records.  You can check the column headings on the blank form as you read along the responses on your computer.  This saves you the headache of constantly scrolling up to read the heading and then back down to read the answer.

Now that we have the basics out of the way, let’s look at a 1940 Census Page and talk about some specifics.  First, the layout:

gg, 1940 census overview

In the upper left you see the City, County, & State.  In the upper right you see the Enumeration Information which includes the date of enumeration, enumeration district, and the name of the Enumerator.  Below the heading you find the Demographic Questions which we will look at in a minute.  Along the left side you see the street name is written sideways up that column.  You will also notice that the Enumerator would draw a dark line between different streets.  If you find a census record and don’t see a street name, check the page before to see if the street name was recorded there.  Every page of the 1940 Census has two lines that were chosen for supplementary questions.  Those two individuals answered additional questions found at the bottom of the page.  On the lower left you see a small box the Enumerator can check if the household is continued on the next page.  At the very bottom is a guide with symbols and explanatory notes.  These are easier to read on the blank form.

Now that you have a feel for the layout let’s look at a specific household.

gg, 1940 Census, Maffit household, 1

I let Photoshop help me with some magic and I combined a household with the headings from the blank form.  The columns don’t line up perfectly but most of them are pretty close.  Let’s look at Seth who is the head of household.  I’ll go through each entry on his line starting on the left.

  • The street name is Fifteenth Avenue North.  You have to look at the whole page to read this item.
  • The house number is 603A.
  • The next line tells you that the Maffit home was the 117th house this enumerator visited.
  • Next we learn that Seth rents his home.
  • The monthly rent is $14.
  • The Maffits do not live on a farm.
  • The next line tells us Seth’s name.  He is listed as Maffit, Seth.  Notice the x inside of the circle.  This cool little symbol tells us that Seth is the person who gave the information to the Enumerator.  1940 is the only census with this helpful fact.  Why does this matter?  Well, if 14 year old Seth had given the answers we might not trust them as much as if 64 year old Seth had given the answers.
  • The next column lists Seth as the ‘head’.  This means that he is the head of household.  All other relationships listed in this column relate to the head of household.  Emma is listed as ‘wife’ meaning she is the wife of the head of household.  Everard is listed as ‘son’ meaning he is the son of the head of household.
  • Next is a code column.
  • Seth is listed as ‘M’, meaning he is male.
  • Seth is listed as ‘W’, meaning he is white.
  • The next column lists age at last birthday.  Seth was 64 at the time of the census.  When you use an age to calculate a birth year remember to give yourself wiggle room depending upon when their birthday was and if they remembered their age correctly.  There were a few years in my mid-twenties when I could not for the life of me remember how old I was, I had to do the math every time.  People make mistakes, be okay with that possibility.  Then you have people who intentionally give the wrong age.  Often women will mysteriously age fewer than ten years from one census to the next.  Birth and death records will help you get a more accurate birth year but the census can be a great guide.
  • Next, Seth is listed as ‘M’ for married.
  • The next column asks if the person has ‘Attended school or college at anytime since March 1, 1940?’  Seth answered no.
  • Seth lists his highest grade of school completed as ‘8’ for eighth grade.
  • The next column is a code column.
  • Seth lists his birthplace as ‘Illinois’.
  • Another code column.
  • The next column is left blank.  It asks ‘Citizenship of the Foreign Born’.  If Seth had been born outside of the US this column would tell me his status – Na (naturalized), Pa (having first papers), Al (alien), or Am Cit (American citizen born abroad).
  • Seth lists his residence on 1 April 1935 as ‘same place’.  This means that five years earlier he lived in the same town.  If it had read ‘same house’, that would mean that he lived in the exact same house five years earlier.  If he had not lived in the same house or town it would list the city, county, and state he lived in five years before.
  • Seth was not living on a farm five years before.
  • And we finish this chunk of the census off with another code.

You can see that Seth has a wife and three children living with him.  I won’t go through each of their answers but feel free to read through them.  Now let’s check out the other half of the demographic questions.  The top line is Seth again.

gg, 1940 Census, Maffit household, 2

The columns don’t line up well, sorry.  There are a lot of employment questions on this census.  The depression was coming to an end, the government was trying to learn as many details about employment as they could.  Let’s check out Seth’s employment info.

  • Was this person at work for pay or profit in private or nonemergency Govt. work during week of March 24-30? (Y or N) – This column has a dash, I’m not sure why the dash instead of a no.
  • If not, was he at work on, or assigned to, public EMERGENCY WORK (WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.) during week of March 24-3-? (Y or N) – Seth marked this column yes.  As a side note, if your family member marked this column yes, there may be more records about them in the National Archives.  I haven’t requested these records yet for Seth and don’t know much about them – it’s on my list to learn!
  • Was this person SEEKING WORK? (Y or N) – again we get a puzzling dash.
  • If not seeking work, did he HAVE A JOB, business, etc.? (Y or N) – another dash.
  • Indicate whether engaged in home housework (H), in school (S), unable to work (U), or other (Ot) – Seth’s column is blank.
  • Next is a code column.
  • Number of hours worked during week of March 24-30, 1940 – Seth claimed 0 hours worked.
  • Duration of unemployment up to March 30, 1940 – in weeks – Seth was unemployed for 8 weeks.
  • Occupation & Industry – Seth listed his occupation as a laborer on WPA Road.
  • Class of Worker – Seth’s column is blank.
  • Another code column comes next.
  • Number of weeks worked in 1939 (Equivalent full-time weeks) – Seth’s column is blank.
  • Amount of money, wages or salary received (including commissions) – Seth earned $500 during the 12 months in 1939.
  • Did this person receive income of $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary (Y or N) – Seth said that he did not.
  • The last column asks number of Farm Schedule – Seth does not live on a farm in 1940 so his column is blank.

You will notice that Seth’s wife Emma happens to be on a line that asks Supplementary Questions.  Let’s look at those.

gg, 1940 Census, Emma's supp qs

The supplementary questions are a little goldmine.  Emma’s answers are interesting.

  • The first column asks her name – she lists ‘Maffit, Emma’.
  • The second and third columns ask her father & mothers birth places – Emma’s father was born in France and her mother in Canada.
  • Then we get another code.
  • Emma’s native language is English.  This is interesting to me because her father is French and her mother is French Canadian.
  • Another code.
  • The next four columns ask veteran questions which Emma leaves blank.
  • The next three columns ask Social Security questions which again, Emma leaves blank.

gg, 1940 Cenus, Emma's supp qs 2

And here is the second half of Emma’s supplementary questions.

  • The first four columns of this half ask about usual occupation – Emma’s entries are blank.
  • The next three questions are for women who are or have been married.  From these questions we learn that Emma has been married once, she was married at the age of 17 and has had 9 children born alive.  Now the 9 children thing is a problem.  Emma had 9 children who lived into adulthood but she had 3, possibly 4 other children who did not.  It’s too bad the answer to this question isn’t accurate.  If it had been it would help me clear up the 3, possibly 4 issue.  This is another example of why it is helpful to know who gave the information to the Enumerator.  Her husband answered the questions.  I have a feeling if Emma had been the one to answer the door this entry would have been different.
  • The following columns are all code columns.


What are the best features of the 1940 Census?

Well, in my humble opinion, the best features are:

  • Street name and house number listed.
  • We know who gave the information to the Enumerator.
  • Education level is listed.
  • Residence 5 years earlier is listed.
  • The employment questions are VERY detailed.
  • The supplementary questions are awesome.


What tips make using the 1940 Census super great?

  • Print a blank census form.
  • Read every single column for each member of the household.
  • Check the whole page for extended family members who may be living nearby.
  • FAQ found at the National Archives has some helpful information.
  • If you can’t find someone, try searching by location instead of by name.  This article may be helpful for you.


Many people living in the US have an ancestor that they knew personally who is listed on the 1940 Federal Census.  Try to find someone you know on the 1940 census.  See what new information you can learn about their life and family.


And that is the 1940 US Federal Census!


Defined: US Federal Census Records

gg, US Federal Census

The US Federal Census is a crucial part of genealogical research for persons who lived in the United States.  Over the next few weeks I will share some information about various census years, highlights of the most helpful and interesting census questions, and some examples of how you can use Census records effectively to help further your research.

I think the Census is pretty awesome, come on back and let me tell you why!